Here’s why you might want to do this:
- Backup your database in the development environment in case you accidentally drop it. It’s going to be a pain to restore your tables.
- You might want to restore a production database in your local environment to work with real life data.
For the examples below, let’s assume the name of the postgresql database is
Backing up a database
Run the following in the terminal to do a plain-text export to a sql file like this:
pg_dump current_db > current_db.sql
Plain text can be large and it might be better to compress it with gzip.
pg_dump current_db | gzip > current_db.gz
If you’re using EngineYard or some other managed database platform, the backed up database dump file should already be available for you to download. There’s no reason to stress the production servers by backing up a database manually.
Restoring a database
If you’re using Ruby on Rails, edit your
database.yml file. Rename the database to whatever you want it to be called (
current_db in this example).
development: <<: *default database: current_db host: 127.0.0.1
Create an empty database in Rails with rails db:create. You can now restore to that database:
psql current_db < current_db.sql
If you instead have a dump file, you won’t be able to use the line above. Let’s get a bit more technical and remove any users from the database we are going to import.
pg_restore --no-owner --schema=public -d current_db current_db.dump
Depending on the size of the database, this might take a long time to restore. You won’t see a progress bar in the terminal window. As an example, a 25GB database dump file took me over an hour of waiting to restore locally.